UAE Calls for Strengthening Countries Capacities to Monitor Chronic Diseases
Dr. Mahmoud Fikri, Assistant Undersecretary for Health Policies in the Ministry of Health emphasized the five recommendations made by the World Health Organization to reduce non-communicable diseases to the maximum extent through adopting a complete government trend which enables residents to fight risk factors and implement primary health care measures such as interventions for specific non-communicable diseases or those exposed to the risk of infection in addition to the support these interventions in the primary healthcare field and with low costs or policies related to health and the capacity of the member states to monitor these diseases as well as critical risk factors especially in low-income countries.

UAE Efforts
At the expanded high level UN meeting in 2011 about the prevention of non-communicable diseases which concluded yesterday at the UN General Assembly in New York, the UAE and Gulf States assured their efforts in fighting non-infectious diseases and the role played by the UAE Ministry of Health in coordination with health authorities in the UAE regionally and internationally to fight chronic diseases and achieve protection for all the UAE nationals and residents.

Dr. Mahmoud Fikri, stated that with the increase of communicable diseases in the Gulf countries, major efforts are still being done by the ministries of health and the executive office of the council of GCC ministers of health in cooperation with public and private health institutions to increase health and awareness education, early screening and treatment of diseases.

Reduce Injuries
Meanwhile, Ban Ki Moon, Secretary General of the United Nations, stated that diseases such cancer, heart and chronic lung diseases require more cooperation because non-communicable diseases threaten development, affect the poor and vulnerable people and increase poverty. More than quarter of the population worldwide die from non-communicable diseases and the vast majority of them live in developing countries.

Non-communicable diseases and low and middle income countries increase the number of deaths by nearly five times the mortality resulting from infectious disease by the year 2030.  About 80% of these deaths happen due to heart diseases and diabetes while 90% happen due to chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases. More than two thirds of these deaths happen due to cancer in low and middle income countries; there is an estimated increase in cancer cases by the year 2030 compared to 2008 where 82% in low countries while 70% in middle income countries and 58% in high income countries. The World Health Organization Statistics reveal that Non communicable diseases lead to the death of 36 million people every year while 9 million of them die before they reached the age of sixty; these deaths are expected to increase by 17% over the next ten years of which 24% is in Africa.